Medicine in the 19th century.

Doctor André Voulgre had built up a small collection related to health: curiosities, flasks and utensils from ancient practices.

The doctor could act physically on the patient through blood (bloodletting, leeches, suction cups), through enemas from different orifices (clysters, nose wash, enema pear, intimacy wash), or chemically through skin applications (balms and creams) or treatments administered through the respiratory (fumigations) or digestive tracts (potions, lozenges, broths).

The preparations prescribed by the doctor were prepared by the local apothecary or pharmacist. Then, as early as the 19th century, remedies and medicines were distributed at the national level, generalising industrial medicines.